832

Nonon

Paris,

Stamp: Marked on all joints: (treble clef) / NONON / PARIS. Additionally, very faintly remaining on the headjoint above the treble clef: (curved) BREVET� (?).

Marks:

Manufacture Date: Tulou system. Made after Nonon's patent of 1854, to the end of the workshop c. 1867 (Langwill).

Hallmarks:

Comments: This is a very beautiful flute, clearly made with every care and thoughtfulness. The keywork is exquisite, and filled with character. The touches are all delicately shaped, and fashioned with skill and taste. The little C key for the thumb is a particular favorite. The D# key on the foot is another key with great character. The flute itself is made as a fairly heavy duty flute for a strong French sound.

Material: Made of very nicely grained dark wood, possibly "Portuguese ebony". Keys and trim of silver. Fancy engraved silver inlay at embouchure. Springs of gold.

System: This beautiful and well used flute is made in the classic Tulou system, which is essentially an eight-keyed flute with additional keys for an F# vent, a duplicate C key for the 3rd left finger, another C touch for the thumb, and trill keys for D and E. The body is one piece, without the typical socket between the G and A holes. The keys are pillar mounted, and include long hollow rod-and-pin keys � la Buffet. It has a foot to C, essentially based on the new footjoints of Godfroy and Lot, yet incredibly long! The bottom taper reverses from the C# hole. There is a short tuning slide in the headjoint socket.

Condition: This presentation flute has clearly been well used over the years. The first owner, Mr. I. L., eventually relinquished the flute, and he was followed by the Reverend Mr. T.J.J. (some script letters unclear). We cannot tell who loved this flute more, but it nearly followed someone to the grave. When the instrument arrived here it was in a terrible state. Nina spent months painstakingly bringing this flute back to life. The headjoint was held together with fancy hose clamps, the keys were all stuck; the poor flute was a mess. Happily, everything was there, and this beautiful flute is now restored to playing condition. The tone is remarkably bold throughout. All of the qualities one would expect from Tulou are there, and some wonderful surprises as well, most especially the great and loud tone. The only real remnant of the flute's past is the slightly disfigured embouchure hole. Nonon was the flutemaker and partner of Tulou from 1831 to 1853. Almost certainly he fell out of favor with the irascible Tulou as Tulou's career was winding down, in favor of the new cylindrical flutes of Godfroy and Lot. Scholars suggest this is why he set up his own shop in 1853. Nonon was one of the great Parisian flutemakers, and his instruments are very rare today.

Pitch: This instrument was made at the typical A=448 French pitch of before 1859, when pitch was decreed to go from A=448 to A=435. After 1859, this A=448 was called "Ancienne Diapason", or "AD". This does not necessarily mean that the instrument was made before 1859, since many places outside of Paris continued to use the old pitch of A=448.

Sounding Length: Sounding length 586 mm.

Measurements:

Weight: 390

Case: In original, presentation wooden case with inlaid metal ornament, engraved "IL" , as is the flute mouthpiece. The interior of the case is rebuilt.

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