223

Euler

Frankfurt a/M, Germany

Stamp: EULER/FRANKFURT/a/M stamped on all joints. Piccolo stamped: (crown)/(curved)H. F. MEYER/(curved)HANNOVER/C -stamped on ivory head only.

Marks:

Manufacture Date: August Anton Euler (1808-1873), the son of the founder of the Euler company (founded 1810), probably made this flute between c.1860-1873. The piccolo is from the original H. F. Meyer Company, founded in 1848 (Langwill).

Hallmarks:

Comments: This lovely package of instruments from L. J. Dean is actually of quite high quality for it's time. Euler made fine instruments, fully capable of high quality playing. The piccolo is a rare instrument from the original Meyer shop, with the crown stamp. This fine quality flute and piccolo are typical of the non-Boehm instruments of the second half of the 19th century. The headjoint cracks are unfortunate, but typical of flutes made with ivory over a metal tube. In this case, the crack does not prevent the flute from playing very nicely; in fact this flute was in use for performances in the recent past.

Material: The flute and piccolo are made of grenadilla? wood, with German silver keys and trim and ivory heads.

System: This is an 11 keyed flute, with fully lined ivory headjoint, E trill, alternative touch for Bb, and B foot. This instrument differs from the Viennese flutes more in the style of construction than the particulars of keys and placements; the long wooden shoulders and the unadorned keywork being the main external differences. The piccolo is 6 keyed with a D foot.

Condition: This flute (and the accompanying piccolo) have seen many good times in the hands of Mr. L. J. Dean of Peterborough, N.H. (U.S.A.). Evidence of this is seen in the repaired headjoint cracks, the mark of a long fingernail on the C# hole, a small socket crack on the lower joint, and the wear of usage on the tone holes (especially on the piccolo). Nonetheless the flute itself is in fine usable condition. The piccolo is so heavily worn from use at the tone holes that one suspects Mr. Dean's piccolo technique to have been very well rehearsed. The accompanying tune book of 16 manuscript contra dance tunes, marked "Piccolo/L. J. Dean", with the heavily worn piccolo, show not only that the instrumentation at the contra dances has not changed to this day, but the traditional tunes are still in use today. The dances of New England are one of the few venues that have not changed over the years; here in Maine (in 1980) we enjoy one player using an 1832 system Badger, one playing a Meachum of Albany 4 keyed flute, several with English romantic 8 keyed flutes, and keyed piccolos of various nationalities.

Pitch: Pitched at A440. The piccolo plays at A=440.

Sounding Length: Sounding length of flute: 61.9 cm.; of piccolo: 26 cm.

Measurements:

Weight:

Case: The flute and piccolo are housed in a massive leather covered case, with a compartment in the lid for music, in which sit L. J. Dean's tune book, and another compartment with Dean's original clothes pin for holding the music.

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